By ERIN ROLL
roll@montclairlocal.news

Montclair saw a slight uptick both in violent crime and property crime in 2016, according to statistics released last week by the FBI.

At Montclair State University, however, most varieties of crime either decreased or stayed at levels consistent with the prior year, according to the university's security report. However, the university's security report data differed in some respects from what was mentioned in the FBI's report.

The township experienced 49 violent crimes in 2016, according to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report, up from 44 in 2015, an increase of 11 percent. There were also 572 property-related crimes, up from 560 the year before, an increase of 2 percent.

The Uniform Crime Report, released annually, tracks crime statistics by state and by city for a given year. Additionally, the report includes information on the number of employees, both uniformed and civilian, in each police department.

Multiple attempts to reach Police Chief Todd Conforti for comment prior to press time were unsuccessful.

In addition to town and city data, the UCR includes data for colleges and universities, which is required to be released under the Clery Act.

Montclair Township had 104 officers and 17 civilian employees last year.

At Montclair State University, there were 37 officers and 10 civilian employees in 2016.

Violent crime
There were no murders in Montclair in either 2015 or 2016.

In 2016, there were four rapes, compared to two in 2016.

The report notes that the FBI includes two definitions of rape and sexual assault. The current definition refers to any act of penetration of the victim’s genitals with a body part or object, no matter how slight, or any act of oral penetration, without the victim’s consent.

This definition has been used by the FBI to define rape and sexual assault since 2011. The former definition refers to “carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.” The four incidents reported in 2016 were classified under the revised definition of rape.

There were 24 robberies in 2016, up from 21 in 2015. The number of aggravated assaults stayed the same for both years, with 21 such cases reported each year.

Property crime
Montclair saw a decline in burglaries, motor vehicle thefts and arson cases.

In 2016, there were 31 motor vehicle cases, down from 35.

There were no cases of arson in 2016, compared to five the year before.

The township saw 124 burglaries, compared to 143 in 2015, a decrease of 13 percent.

Larceny and theft in general went up by 8.4 percent; there were 417 such incidents in 2016, up from 382 in 2015.

Clery Act

The data mentioned for Montclair State University in the FBI's report differs somewhat from the Clery Act data posted on the university's website as of Sept. 30.

According to the university's security report, Montclair State University did not have any reported homicides in 2016. There were seven reported rapes, five of which were reported in residence halls; the year before, there were seven incidents in total, six of which were reported in residence halls.

For other forcible sex offenses, there were a total of five incidents, up from one in 2015.

The FBI's report does not mention any rapes or sexual assaults for 2016, however.

The other reported violent offenses included one robbery and three cases of aggravated assault.

For property crime, there were at least two reported burglaries and one motor vehicle theft. There were no cases of arson.

The FBI's report does not indicate any robberies, and reports only one burglary rather than two.

Police made a total of 27 liquor law arrests and 51 drug law arrests. Both totals represented a drop from 2015’s data: that year, there were 78 drug law arrests and 37 liquor law arrests.

The Clery Act also includes information on domestic violence, stalking and similar offenses; in 2016, there were six reports of dating violence, 13 total reports of domestic violence, and one report of stalking.

In the category of bias-related incidents, there was one case of bias-related intimidation.